... Harper—Lane—Van Epps—Fanucci—Bailey ...  Genealogy  ||  mtDNA  ||  Matrilineal
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Haplogroup H3 (Northern European)


If your mother is a descendant of the  Van Epps/Lane family  <- click that link <-   

your maternal haplogroup is most likely to be H3, which is a subclade of haplogroup H.


or  save this for future use ->  http://vanepps-lane-mtdna.fanucci.us/


::: For example ::: 

. . . 

Joyce Elizabeth FANUCCI b: 4 JAN 1937 d: 26 AUG 2014

      \ Gwendolyn Irma VAN EPPS b: 13 SEP 1918 d: 3 SEP 1966

             \ Grace Elizabeth LANE b: 27 APR 1891 d: 22 DEC 1958

                     \ Nettie Amelia HARPER   ... etc ...    (mtDNA:  from each mother to each of her children)

. . . 

::: all the above (birth-names ≡ maiden-names) would inherit the same mtDNA markers from their mothers,
         who shared (identically) with each sister and brother, and would pass (identically) to each of their daughters and sons.

mtDNA is Mitochondrial DNA and is inherited from each mother to each child.

A small but important part of your cellular DNA comes ONLY from your mother — mitochondial DNA — mtDNA.
Fathers pass Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) only to their sons.

The other 99% of your DNA comes randomly, 50/50, from each parent's DNA.

Y-DNA and mtDNA ++

mtDNA and Y-DNA have genetic markers, SNPs, like ancient signatures, called Haplogroups.



Haplogroups pertain to deep ancestral origins which can date back many thousands of years. Haplogroups are assigned letters of the alphabet, with refinements using additional number and letter combinations, such as H, H1, H2, or H3. There are mtDNA haplogroups (passed mother-to-child) and Y-DNA haplogroups (passed father-to-son). An SNP test confirms a DNA haplogroup. There are now a few hundred haplogroups known globally, since large-scale DNA studies began in the 1990s.

mtDNA (matrilineal, mitochondrial DNA) haplogrpoups change even slower than Y-DNA (patrilineal) haplogroups, and slight changes in the DNA markers occur very infrequently, perhaps over 20,000 years, more or less, typically. For example, the IBM - National Geographic Genographic Project processed tens of thousands of human DNA tests done globally, in many remote areas, over the past few decades. This data was used by Archaeologists and Population Geneticists to map out human migrations over the past 100,000 years. 

Scientists now believe they can show evidence of a human "genetic bottleneck" occurring about 50,000 - 100,000 years ago, reducing the entire global population down to perhaps less than a thousand human "breeding pairs" who were located in East Africa. Some thought the Toba eruption could have caused a severe climate change which would explain this. It seemed to fit.  Newer evidence did not show any major climate change in that part of Africa which was due to this specific eruption.

Some puzzle pieces are still missing. Perhaps the coming decade or two will reveal a reason for that Genetic Bottleneck that killed off 99.9% or more of all living humans, about 100,000 years ago. It's an amazing thing how close we humans came to extinction. Whatever variation between humans that some call "race" has arisen within the past 50,000 years. That's only about 1,000 — 3,000 human generations!

... Think about it ...



Here is a map of the present-day population frequencies of the H1 and H3 mtDNA haplogroups.


A map of mtDNA haplogroups H1 + H3   (EUPEDIA.com, 2013)

H3 is a smaller group than H1 – and H2 is even smaller.

DNA studies are on-going, and more is learned, year-by-year.
Most of what is known today was unknown just a few decades ago. 


See also Y-DNA (patrilineal) HERE.